Powered by
  • WheelsWheels
  • 4X4 Australia4X4 Australia
  • Street MachineStreet Machine
  • Trade Unique CarsTrade Unique Cars

Revealed: Where your new car comes from

By David Bonnici, 19 Aug 2016 Car Advice


Your shiny new ride probably won’t come from the country the badge represents.

Globalisation is nothing new to the automotive industry. Many of the world’s great car brands have been swallowed up by a few conglomerates, which divvy out production to third-party countries where production costs are generally lower or heavily subsidised.

There’s nothing secret about this, yet people still buy cars with nationality in mind without realising its badge’s country of origin, parent company location and where they’re actually assembled can span three continents.

BMW 320i

It’s fair to assume the bulk of cars imported to Australia come from Japan, and then perhaps followed by Germany and South Korea. But it may surprise you that last month Thailand assembled the most cars sold here (23,803), just beating Toyota (23,359) and outstripping South Korea (12,782), Germany (6589) and the US (4139) combined. Australia scraped in at fourth place with just 6945 cars rolling off the local Ford, Holden and Toyota production lines.

The Thai imports include most of the top-selling utes in this country including Ford Ranger, Toyota HiLux, Holden Colorado, Nissan Navara, Mitsubishi Tritons, Mazda BT-50 and Isuzu D-Max.

2017 Volkswagen Amarok

One of the few not made there is the Volkswagen Amorok, which is built in … uhm, Argentina.

Other cars assembled beyond their country of origin include the Renault Clio, which is made in Turkey, the Hyundai Tucson range, which is mostly assembled in the Czech Republic, and all Hondas except the Odyssey, which are also made in Thailand. 

And if you like German cars, be mindful that quite a few models sold here never set wheels in Deutschland, including the Slovakian-built Audi A7 and VW Tourareg;  Spanish-made Audi Q3, Mercedes V250 and VW Polo GTis; Hungarian Audi A3 and TT and the BMW 3 Series, Mercedes C-Class sedan and VW Polos, which are built and loaded on to RORO (roll on, roll off) ships in South Africa. 

Honda Accord

Meanwhile the BMW X5, Mercedes GLE and GLS SUVs are assembled in the US. The Yanks also build the Italian-badged Fiat Freemont (while its US-market equivalent, the Dodge Journey, is built in Mexico) while letting the Italians put Jeep Renegades together. 

To make more sense of it all, here’s a list showing where most of the cars sold here come from.


Thailand, 23,803
Including: Ford Everest, Fiesta, Focus, Ranger; Holden Colorado; Isuzu D-Max , MU-X; Honda Accord, City, Civic sedan, CR-V, HR-V, Jazz; Mazda 2, BT-50, CX-3; Mitsubishi Mirage, Pajero Sport, Triton; Nissan Navara, Pulsar, Ultima; Suzuki Celerio; Toyota Corolla sedan, Fortuner, Hilux

Japan, 23,359
Including: Honda Odyssey; Mazda 3, 6, MX-5, CX-5; Mitsubishi ASX, Lancer, Outlander, Pajero; Lexus (all models); Nissan 370Z, GT-R, Patrol, X-Trail; Peugeot 4008; Subaru (all models); Suzuki Grand Vitara, Swift; Toyota Corolla hatch, Prius, Tarago, Yaris, 86, LandCruiser models, RAV4

South Korea, 12,782
Including: Holden Barina, Captiva, Malibu, Spark, Trax; Hyundai Accent, Elantra, i30, i40, iMax, Santa Fe, Tucson Active variants, Veloster; Kia (all models); Renault Koleos; Ssanyong Korando, Rexton

Australia, 6945
Including: Ford Falcon, Territory; Holden Calais, Commodore, Cruze; Toyota Aurion, Camry

Germany, 6598
Including: Audi A1, A4, A5, Q5, S3, R8; Ford Fiesta ST, Holden Insignia; Mercedes A-Class, B-Class, C-Class wagon, E-Class, GLA, GLC; S-Class, SLK; Porsche (all models), VW Golf, Passat, Multivan, Tiguan,

USA, 4139
Including: BMW X5; Fiat Freemont; Ford Mustang, Jeep Cherokee, Compass, Grand Cherokee, Patroit, Wrangler; Mercedes GLE, GLS; Nissan Pathfinder; Tesla Model S, Toyota Kluger

UK, 3016
Including: Aston Martin; Bentley; Honda Civic hatch; Jaguar; Mini (apart from the Austrian-built Countryman); Nissan Juke, Qashqai; Land Rover; Rolls-Royce

Spain, 1489
Including: Audi Q3; Citroen C4 Cactus; Ford Kuga, Mondeo; Mercedes V250; Renault Captur, Megane (except the French-built Renault Sport Megane); VW Polo GTI

South Africa, 1140
Includes: BMW 3-Series; Mercedes C-Class sedan; VW Polo

Czech Republic, 798
Including: Hyundai Tucson; all Skoda models

Hungary, 787
Including: Audi A3, Audi TT; Suzuki S-Cross, Vitara

France, 632
Including: Citroen C4 Picasso, C5, DS3, DS5; Peugeot 208, 308, 508, 2008; Smart

India, 609
Including: Ford Ecosport; Hyundai i20, Nissan Micra, Suzuki Baleno

Slovak Republic, 590
Including: Audi A7, VW Touareg

Belgium, 438
Including: Volvo S60, V60

Argentina, 379
Volkswagen Amarok

Italy, 306
Including: Abarth 695, Alfa Romeo (all models), Fiat 500X, Jeep Renegade, Maserati (all models)

Poland, 294
Including: Abarth 595, Fiat 500, Holden Astra, Cascada; VW Caddy

Turkey, 272
Including: Renault Clio

China, 237
Foton Tunland, Haval (all models), LDV G10

Sweden, 222
Including: Volvo V40, XC90

Mexico, 193
Including: Dodge Journey, VW Beetle, Jetta

Portugal, 42
Including: VW Scirocco

Indonesia, 33
Including: Suzuki APV

Malaysia, 10
Proton (all models)

Canada 0
Chrysler 300