Holden builds last Australian V6 engine

Holden started building its own engines with the 48-215; it has now finished building engines with the Holden VF Commodore

Holden V6 Engine

HOLDEN has built its last V6 engine as the carmaker prepares for the end of almost 40 years of Holden Commodore production in Australia. 

HFV6 engine build number 1,137,282, completed about 11am today and laser-etched with “LAST ONE 29/11/17", will become a museum piece as part of Holden’s heritage collection, ending an association with the Fishermans Bend site dating back to 1948 and the birth of the Australian car industry. 

Today’s announcement is a bittersweet moment for the 175 staff made redundant by the engine plant closure. Earlier this year, they were awarded the top prize for Most Valuable Plant for Productivity across GM International, the arm of General Motors that manages the Australian assets.

Holden -engine -camshaftHowever, while the last engine has come off the line, Holden will continue to build V6-engined Commodores until the planned closure late next year. The carmaker said “appropriate numbers” of the engines would be stockpiled “to meet local Commodore production in Adelaide throughout 2017”.

It said it had also ensured there was at least a decade of spare parts to look after warranty and servicing needs. 

Production of the High Feature V6 at Holden Engine Operations started in 2003. Of the more than 1.1 million engines built, almost 700,000 joined Australia’s car parc, with 437,000 others making their way to export markets including South America, the Middle East and China. 

Holden -factory -workers -on -site

Most of the exports made their way under the bonnets of Pontiac and Chevrolet-badged Commodores, although they were used under the bonnets of JTS-badged Alfa Romeos as a 3.2-litre V6.

Holden’s big announcement with the arrival of the Holden VE Commodore in 2006 was the expansion of the engine range to include a more economical 3.0-litre version of the V6 to keep the Commodore fleet-friendly in a world that was moving towards lower fuel use. 

Over its life, the engine has also been tuned to run on LPG – making it a favourite of the taxi fleets – and lived through a short-lived attempt to introduce Australia to E85 fuel – a blend of up to 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent petrol – that never fired with buyers.

Holden -factory -workersAt one stage, the Port Melbourne factory was slated to become GM’s V6 engine hub for Asia Pacific, with up to 20,000 exports a year planned as part of a big push into Asia. That never happened.

Over its almost 70-year life, the Port Melbourne-based engine casting plant has produced more than 10 million engines.

In 2002 Holden announced a $2 billion, five-year vehicle and engine plant capacity expansion program as it ramped up for exports of rebadged, V6-engined left-hand-drive Commodores as Pontiacs to the US.

Those plans came unstuck shortly after the export program was launched as the global credit crunch of 2008 took hold, forcing Holden’s parent, General Motors, into bankruptcy.
No date has yet been set for the final day of Commodore production, although Holden is believed to be looking at either late in October or early November as the best timing for the shutdown.

Holden has invited buyers to snap up parts of the plant after selling the site it sits on to the State Government for $130 million. According to the carmaker, General Motors will look at what parts can be used in other GM-owned plants overseas before selling off the remaining assets.

POWER PLAY: Holden's engines over time 

1948 48-215 released as first Australian-designed car with a 2.15-litre in-line six-cylinder engine cast at Port Melbourne. The ‘Grey Motor’ would power Holdens until EJ model in 1962.
1963 Holden introduced the new straight six Red Motor which would be the mainstay powerplant through to the Commodore era.
1969 Holden produces its first V8 engine.
1980 The Blue Motor, an updated version of the Red Motor is introduced.
1984 Black Motor introduced. It was essentially a Blue Motor with electronic spark timing and was the last straight six built at Fishermans Bend.
1985 VK Commodore is the last to feature locally produced Holden six-cylinder engine.
1986 VL Commodore launches with a Nissan engine
2003 $400 million HFV6 engine plant opens in Port Melbourne. Exports to Korea, China and Mexico start.
2010 Holden introduces a 3.0-litre version of the V6 as fleet buyer focus swings to fuel use.
2013 Holden announces it will quit local carmaking in 2017.
2014 One millionth HFV6 built.
2016 Holden builds its last HFV6 engine, number 1,137,282.




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