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Mazda MPS revival could feature hi-po compression ignition engine

By Tony O'Kane, 31 Oct 2017 News

Mazda MPS revival could feature hi-po compression ignition engine

Introduced as fuel-saving tech, Mazda’s new compression-ignition SkyActiv-X engine could find a new application under the bonnet of a hot hatch

BEFORE we get into the meat of this story, let’s get one thing clear – Mazda currently has no plans to resuscitate its MPS (or Mazdaspeed if you’re Japanese or American) performance sub-brand anytime soon. Zero. Nada.

But when the bigwigs in Hiroshima do decide the time is right to inject some sporty sparkle back into its passenger car range, as it did with the Mazda 3 MPS and the Mazda 6 MPS in the noughties, the company has the tech to make it happen.

The thing is, unlike most other performance cars that don’t rely on big-cube V8s and V6s there probably won’t be a turbo in sight.

Instead, it could very well be the company’s revolutionary supercharged compression-ignition SkyActiv-X engine under the bonnet rather than a development of the Mazda CX-9’s existing turbocharged 2.5-litre petrol four – Mazda’s only contemporary turbo petrol powerplant.

Speaking to Wheels at the Tokyo Motor Show, Mazda’s managing executive officer in charge of powertrain development, Ichiro Hirose, said the SkyActiv-X engine could be adapted to the role of a high-performance powerplant.

“Since this SkyActiv-X is a unit which has no compromise either on performance or fuel economy, application on such sporty cars is also possible. That’s what we think,” Hirose explained.

And with the sophisticated compression-ignition engine set to make its production debut in the next-generation Mazda 3, previewed at Tokyo by the Mazda Kai Concept, the prospect of Mazda making a return to the hot hatch segment starts to look feasible.

Unlike traditional petrol engines, the SkyActiv-X burns its fuel-air mixture through sky-high compression ratios, which squeezes the mix until it spontaneously ignites. It can only do so at certain points in its rev range, but the result is a cleaner, leaner burn and more energy extracted per drop of fuel.

It’s complex and specialised, but a 140kW prototype we drove two months ago showed few compromises besides slightly elevated engine noise. What’s more, the SkyActiv-X actually runs more efficiently on low-octane petrol, rather than requiring premium unleaded like most turbocharged hot hatches.

“Since this engine is utilising compression ignition combustion, the lower the octane value actually makes it easier to work,” Hirose said.

“In the case of spark ignition they have to avoid knocking, so high-octane fuel is preferable.

“However when it comes to the compression ignition, we provide the situation where the knocking happens, so it’s better, or more efficient to have the low octane fuel – it’s completely upside down.

“And if we want to make a high-output [version], we can.”

Hirose’s openness to the idea of a performance-tuned SkyActiv-X variant is a stark contrast to Mazda’s attitude toward giving the CX-9’s turbocharged 2.5-litre the same treatment. Speaking to engineers at the debut of the CX-9, questions about hot hatch applications for Mazda’s turbo tech were met with explanations about how its torque-rich, non-revvy nature were at odds with Mazda’s requirements for sports models.

SkyActiv-X, however, appears to have more potential. The Kai Concept may have its aggressive stance, big wheels, gigantic brakes and ground-scraping bodykit toned down when it morphs into the grocery-getting Mazda 3 by 2019, but MPS fiends should take comfort in knowing that the 3’s new engine has the right DNA to breed a proper athlete.